Source code for panel.util

Various general utilities used in the panel codebase.
from __future__ import annotations

import ast
import base64
import datetime as dt
import inspect
import json
import numbers
import os
import pathlib
import re
import sys
import urllib.parse as urlparse

from collections import OrderedDict, defaultdict
from import MutableMapping, MutableSequence
from contextlib import contextmanager
from datetime import datetime
from functools import partial
from html import escape  # noqa
from importlib import import_module
from typing import Any, AnyStr, Iterator

import bokeh
import numpy as np
import param

from bokeh.core.has_props import _default_resolver
from bokeh.model import Model
from packaging.version import Version

from .checks import (  # noqa
    datetime_types, is_dataframe, is_holoviews, is_number, is_parameterized,
    is_series, isdatetime, isfile, isIn, isurl,

bokeh_version = Version(bokeh.__version__)

# Bokeh serializes NaT as this value
# Discussion on why
BOKEH_JS_NAT = -9223372036854776.0

PARAM_NAME_PATTERN = re.compile(r'^.*\d{5}$')

def hashable(x):
    if isinstance(x, MutableSequence):
        return tuple(x)
    elif isinstance(x, MutableMapping):
        return tuple([(k,v) for k,v in x.items()])
        return x

[docs]def indexOf(obj, objs): """ Returns the index of an object in a list of objects. Unlike the list.index method this function only checks for identity not equality. """ for i, o in enumerate(objs): if o is obj: return i try: if o == obj: return i except Exception: pass raise ValueError('%s not in list' % obj)
[docs]def param_name(name: str) -> str: """ Removes the integer id from a Parameterized class name. """ match = re.findall(r'\D+(\d{5,})', name) return name[:name.index(match[0])] if match else name
[docs]def recursive_parameterized(parameterized: param.Parameterized, objects=None) -> list[param.Parameterized]: """ Recursively searches a Parameterized object for other Parmeterized objects. """ objects = [] if objects is None else objects objects.append(parameterized) for p in parameterized.param.values().values(): if isinstance(p, param.Parameterized) and not any(p is o for o in objects): recursive_parameterized(p, objects) return objects
[docs]def abbreviated_repr(value, max_length=25, natural_breaks=(',', ' ')): """ Returns an abbreviated repr for the supplied object. Attempts to find a natural break point while adhering to the maximum length. """ if isinstance(value, list): vrepr = '[' + ', '.join([abbreviated_repr(v) for v in value]) + ']' if isinstance(value, param.Parameterized): vrepr = type(value).__name__ else: vrepr = repr(value) if len(vrepr) > max_length: # Attempt to find natural cutoff point abbrev = vrepr[max_length//2:] natural_break = None for brk in natural_breaks: if brk in abbrev: natural_break = abbrev.index(brk) + max_length//2 break if natural_break and natural_break < max_length: max_length = natural_break + 1 end_char = '' if isinstance(value, list): end_char = ']' elif isinstance(value, OrderedDict): end_char = '])' elif isinstance(value, (dict, set)): end_char = '}' return vrepr[:max_length+1] + '...' + end_char return vrepr
[docs]def param_reprs(parameterized, skip=None): """ Returns a list of reprs for parameters on the parameterized object. Skips default and empty values. """ cls = type(parameterized).__name__ param_reprs = [] for p, v in sorted(parameterized.param.values().items()): default = parameterized.param[p].default equal = v is default if not equal: if isinstance(v, np.ndarray): if isinstance(default, np.ndarray): equal = np.array_equal(v, default, equal_nan=True) else: equal = False else: try: equal = bool(v==default) except Exception: equal = False if equal: continue elif v is None: continue elif isinstance(v, str) and v == '': continue elif isinstance(v, list) and v == []: continue elif isinstance(v, dict) and v == {}: continue elif (skip and p in skip) or (p == 'name' and v.startswith(cls)): continue else: v = abbreviated_repr(v) param_reprs.append(f'{p}={v}') return param_reprs
[docs]def full_groupby(l, key=lambda x: x): """ Groupby implementation which does not require a prior sort """ d = defaultdict(list) for item in l: d[key(item)].append(item) return d.items()
[docs]def get_method_owner(meth): """ Returns the instance owning the supplied instancemethod or the class owning the supplied classmethod. """ if inspect.ismethod(meth): return meth.__self__
[docs]def extract_dependencies(function): """ Extract references from a method or function that declares the references. """ subparameters = list(function._dinfo['dependencies'])+list(function._dinfo['kw'].values()) params = [] for p in subparameters: if isinstance(p, str): owner = get_method_owner(function) *subps, p = p.split('.') for subp in subps: owner = getattr(owner, subp, None) if owner is None: raise ValueError('Cannot depend on undefined sub-parameter {p!r}.') if p in owner.param: pobj = owner.param[p] if pobj not in params: params.append(pobj) else: for sp in extract_dependencies(getattr(owner, p)): if sp not in params: params.append(sp) elif p not in params: params.append(p) return params
[docs]def value_as_datetime(value): """ Retrieve the value tuple as a tuple of datetime objects. """ if isinstance(value, numbers.Number): value = datetime.utcfromtimestamp(value / 1000) return value
def value_as_date(value): if isinstance(value, numbers.Number): value = datetime.utcfromtimestamp(value / 1000).date() elif isinstance(value, datetime): value = return value
[docs]def datetime_as_utctimestamp(value): """ Converts a datetime to a UTC timestamp used by Bokeh internally. """ return value.replace(tzinfo=dt.timezone.utc).timestamp() * 1000
[docs]def parse_query(query: str) -> dict[str, Any]: """ Parses a url query string, e.g. ?a=1&b=2.1&c=string, converting numeric strings to int or float types. """ query_dict = dict(urlparse.parse_qsl(query[1:])) parsed_query: dict[str, Any] = {} for k, v in query_dict.items(): if v.isdigit(): parsed_query[k] = int(v) elif is_number(v): parsed_query[k] = float(v) elif v.startswith('[') or v.startswith('{'): try: parsed_query[k] = json.loads(v) except Exception: parsed_query[k] = ast.literal_eval(v) elif v.lower() in ("true", "false"): parsed_query[k] = v.lower() == "true" else: parsed_query[k] = v return parsed_query
def base64url_encode(input): if isinstance(input, str): input = input.encode("utf-8") encoded = base64.urlsafe_b64encode(input).decode('ascii') # remove padding '=' chars that cause trouble return str(encoded.rstrip('=')) def base64url_decode(input): if isinstance(input, str): input = input.encode("ascii") rem = len(input) % 4 if rem > 0: input += b"=" * (4 - rem) return base64.urlsafe_b64decode(input) class classproperty: def __init__(self, f): self.f = f def __get__(self, obj, owner): return self.f(owner)
[docs]def url_path(url: str) -> str: """ Strips the protocol and domain from a URL returning just the path. """ subpaths = url.split('//')[1:] return '/'.join('/'.join(subpaths).split('/')[1:])
# This functionality should be contributed to param # See
[docs]@contextmanager def edit_readonly(parameterized: param.Parameterized) -> Iterator: """ Temporarily set parameters on Parameterized object to readonly=False to allow editing them. """ params = parameterized.param.objects("existing").values() readonlys = [p.readonly for p in params] constants = [p.constant for p in params] for p in params: p.readonly = False p.constant = False try: yield except Exception: raise finally: for (p, readonly) in zip(params, readonlys): p.readonly = readonly for (p, constant) in zip(params, constants): p.constant = constant
def eval_function(function): args, kwargs = (), {} if hasattr(function, '_dinfo'): arg_deps = function._dinfo['dependencies'] kw_deps = function._dinfo.get('kw', {}) if kw_deps or any(isinstance(d, param.Parameter) for d in arg_deps): args = (getattr(dep.owner, for dep in arg_deps) kwargs = {n: getattr(dep.owner, for n, dep in kw_deps.items()} return function(*args, **kwargs) def lazy_load(module, model, notebook=False, root=None, ext=None): from ..config import panel_extension as extension from import state external_modules = { module: ext for ext, module in extension._imports.items() } ext = ext or module.split('.')[-1] loaded = not state._extensions or external_modules[module] in state._extensions if module in sys.modules and loaded: model_cls = getattr(sys.modules[module], model) if f'{model_cls.__module__}.{model}' not in Model.model_class_reverse_map: _default_resolver.add(model_cls) return model_cls if notebook: param.main.param.warning( f'{model} was not imported on instantiation and may not ' 'render in a notebook. Restart the notebook kernel and ' 'ensure you load it as part of the extension using:' f'\n\npn.extension(\'{ext}\')\n' ) elif not loaded: param.main.param.warning( f'pn.extension was initialized but {ext!r} extension was not' 'loaded. In order for the required resources to be initialized ' 'ensure the extension using is loaded with the extension:' f'\n\npn.extension({ext!r})\n' ) elif root is not None and root.ref['id'] in state._views: param.main.param.warning( f'{model} was not imported on instantiation may not ' 'render in the served application. Ensure you add the ' 'following to the top of your application:' f'\n\npn.extension(\'{ext}\')\n' ) return getattr(import_module(module), model) def updating(fn): def wrapped(self, *args, **kwargs): updating = self._updating self._updating = True try: fn(self, *args, **kwargs) finally: self._updating = updating return wrapped def clone_model(bokeh_model, include_defaults=False, include_undefined=False): properties = bokeh_model.properties_with_values( include_defaults=include_defaults, include_undefined=include_undefined ) return type(bokeh_model)(**properties)
[docs]def function_name(func) -> str: """ Returns the name of a function (or its string repr) """ while isinstance(func, partial): func = func.func if hasattr(func, '__name__'): return func.__name__ return str(func)
_period_regex = re.compile(r'((?P<weeks>\d+?)w)?((?P<days>\d+?)d)?((?P<hours>\d+?)h)?((?P<minutes>\d+?)m)?((?P<seconds>\d+?\.?\d*?)s)?') def parse_timedelta(time_str: str) -> dt.timedelta | None: parts = _period_regex.match(time_str) if not parts: return None parts_dict = parts.groupdict() time_params = {} for (name, p) in parts_dict.items(): if p: time_params[name] = float(p) return dt.timedelta(**time_params)
[docs]def fullpath(path: AnyStr | os.PathLike) -> AnyStr | os.PathLike: """Expanduser and then abspath for a given path """ return os.path.abspath(os.path.expanduser(path))
[docs]def base_version(version: str) -> str: """Extract the final release and if available pre-release (alpha, beta, release candidate) segments of a PEP440 version, defined with three components (major.minor.micro). Useful to avoid nbsite/sphinx to display the documentation HTML title with a not so informative and rather ugly long version (e.g. ``0.13.0a19.post4+g0695e214``). Use it in ````:: version = release = base_version(package.__version__) Return the version passed as input if no match is found with the pattern. """ # look at the start for e.g. 0.13.0, 0.13.0rc1, 0.13.0a19, 0.13.0b10 pattern = r"([\d]+\.[\d]+\.[\d]+(?:a|rc|b)?[\d]*)" match = re.match(pattern, version) if match: return else: return version
def relative_to(path, other_path): try: pathlib.Path(path).relative_to(other_path) return True except Exception: return False