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panel.widgets Package#


widgets Package#

Panel widgets makes your data exploration and apps interactive#

Panel provides a long range of basic and specialized widgets.

Check out the widget gallery https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/index.html#widgets for inspiration.

How to use Panel widgets in 4 simple steps#

  1. Define your function

>>> def my_func(value1, value2):
...    ...
...    return some_python_object
  1. Define your widgets

>>> widget1 = pn.widgets.SomeWidget(value=..., ...).servable(area='sidebar')
>>> widget2 = pn.widgets.AnotherWidget(value=..., ...).servable(area='sidebar')
  1. Bind the function to your widgets

>>> interactive_func = pn.bind(my_func, value1=widget1, value2=widget2)
  1. Layout your interactive function in a panel, Column, Row or similar

>>> pn.panel(interactive_func).servable()

For more detail see the Getting Started Guide https://panel.holoviz.org/getting_started/index.html

class panel.widgets.Ace(**params)[source]#

Bases: Widget

The Ace widget allows displaying and editing code in the powerful Ace editor.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/widgets/Ace.html

Example

>>> Ace(value=py_code, language='python', theme='monokai')

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, sizing_mode, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: width, height, margin, disabled

annotations = param.List(bounds=(0, None), default=[], label=’Annotations’)

List of annotations to add to the editor.

filename = param.String(default=’’, label=’Filename’)

Filename from which to deduce language

language = param.String(default=’text’, label=’Language’)

Language of the editor

print_margin = param.Boolean(bounds=(0, 1), default=False, label=’Print margin’)

Whether to show the a print margin.

readonly = param.Boolean(bounds=(0, 1), default=False, label=’Readonly’)

Define if editor content can be modified. Alias for disabled.

theme = param.ObjectSelector(default=’chrome’, label=’Theme’, objects=[‘ambiance’, ‘chaos’, ‘chrome’, ‘clouds’, ‘clouds_midnight’, ‘cobalt’, ‘crimson_editor’, ‘dawn’, ‘dracula’, ‘dreamweaver’, ‘eclipse’, ‘github’, ‘gob’, ‘gruvbox’, ‘idle_fingers’, ‘iplastic’, ‘katzenmilch’, ‘kr_theme’, ‘kuroir’, ‘merbivore’, ‘merbivore_soft’, ‘mono_industrial’, ‘monokai’, ‘pastel_on_dark’, ‘solarized_dark’, ‘solarized_light’, ‘sqlserver’, ‘terminal’, ‘textmate’, ‘tomorrow’, ‘tomorrow_night’, ‘tomorrow_night_blue’, ‘tomorrow_night_bright’, ‘tomorrow_night_eighties’, ‘twilight’, ‘vibrant_ink’, ‘xcode’])

Theme of the editor

value = param.String(default=’’, label=’Value’)

State of the current code in the editor

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Reactive object to those on the target Reactive object in JS code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

link – The GenericLink which can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

GenericLink

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] = None, threaded: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, open: bool = True, location: bool | 'Location' = True, **kwargs) threading.Thread | 'Server'#

Starts a Bokeh server and displays the Viewable in a new tab.

Parameters
  • title (str | None) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

  • address (str) – The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests.

  • websocket_origin (str or list(str) (optional)) – A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a server app in an external web site. If None, “localhost” is used.

  • threaded (boolean (optional, default=False)) – Whether to launch the Server on a separate thread, allowing interactive use.

  • verbose (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to print the address and port

  • open (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to open the server in a new browser tab

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

server – Returns the Bokeh server instance or the thread the server was launched on (if threaded=True)

Return type

bokeh.server.Server or threading.Thread

class panel.widgets.ArrayInput(**params)[source]#

Bases: LiteralInput

The ArrayInput allows rendering and editing NumPy arrays in a text input widget.

Arrays larger than the max_array_size will be summarized and editing will be disabled.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/widgets/ArrayInput.html

Example

>>> To be determined ...

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, sizing_mode, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: width, height, margin, disabled

panel.widgets.input.LiteralInput: placeholder, serializer, type, value

max_array_size = param.Number(default=1000, inclusive_bounds=(True, True), label=’Max array size’)

Arrays larger than this limit will be allowed in Python but will not be serialized into JavaScript. Although such large arrays will thus not be editable in the widget, such a restriction helps avoid overwhelming the browser and lets other widgets remain usable.

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Reactive object to those on the target Reactive object in JS code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

link – The GenericLink which can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

GenericLink

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] = None, threaded: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, open: bool = True, location: bool | 'Location' = True, **kwargs) threading.Thread | 'Server'#

Starts a Bokeh server and displays the Viewable in a new tab.

Parameters
  • title (str | None) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

  • address (str) – The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests.

  • websocket_origin (str or list(str) (optional)) – A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a server app in an external web site. If None, “localhost” is used.

  • threaded (boolean (optional, default=False)) – Whether to launch the Server on a separate thread, allowing interactive use.

  • verbose (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to print the address and port

  • open (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to open the server in a new browser tab

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

server – Returns the Bokeh server instance or the thread the server was launched on (if threaded=True)

Return type

bokeh.server.Server or threading.Thread

class panel.widgets.AutocompleteInput(**params)[source]#

Bases: Widget

The MultiChoice widget allows selecting multiple values from a list of options.

It falls into the broad category of multi-value, option-selection widgets that provide a compatible API and include the MultiSelect, CrossSelector, CheckBoxGroup and CheckButtonGroup widgets.

The MultiChoice widget provides a much more compact UI than MultiSelect.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/widgets/AutocompleteInput.html

Example

>>> AutocompleteInput(
...     name='Study', options=['Biology', 'Chemistry', 'Physics'],
...     placeholder='Write your study here ...'
... )

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, sizing_mode, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: width, height, margin, disabled

case_sensitive = param.Boolean(bounds=(0, 1), default=True, label=’Case sensitive’)

Enable or disable case sensitivity.

min_characters = param.Integer(default=2, inclusive_bounds=(True, True), label=’Min characters’)

The number of characters a user must type before completions are presented.

options = param.List(bounds=(0, None), default=[], label=’Options’)

A list of completion strings. This will be used to guide the user upon typing the beginning of a desired value.

placeholder = param.String(default=’’, label=’Placeholder’)

Placeholder for empty input field.

restrict = param.Boolean(bounds=(0, 1), default=True, label=’Restrict’)

Set to False in order to allow users to enter text that is not present in the list of completion strings.

value = param.String(allow_None=True, default=’’, label=’Value’)

Initial or entered text value updated when <enter> key is pressed.

value_input = param.String(allow_None=True, default=’’, label=’Value input’)

Initial or entered text value updated on every key press.

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Reactive object to those on the target Reactive object in JS code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

link – The GenericLink which can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

GenericLink

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] = None, threaded: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, open: bool = True, location: bool | 'Location' = True, **kwargs) threading.Thread | 'Server'#

Starts a Bokeh server and displays the Viewable in a new tab.

Parameters
  • title (str | None) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

  • address (str) – The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests.

  • websocket_origin (str or list(str) (optional)) – A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a server app in an external web site. If None, “localhost” is used.

  • threaded (boolean (optional, default=False)) – Whether to launch the Server on a separate thread, allowing interactive use.

  • verbose (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to print the address and port

  • open (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to open the server in a new browser tab

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

server – Returns the Bokeh server instance or the thread the server was launched on (if threaded=True)

Return type

bokeh.server.Server or threading.Thread

class panel.widgets.BooleanStatus(**params)[source]#

Bases: BooleanIndicator

The BooleanStatus is a boolean indicator providing a visual representation of a boolean status as filled or non-filled circle.

If the value is set to True the indicator will be filled while setting it to False will cause it to be non-filled.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/indicators/BooleanStatus.html

Example

>>> BooleanStatus(value=True, color='primary', width=100, height=100)

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: margin, disabled

panel.widgets.indicators.Indicator: sizing_mode

width = param.Integer(bounds=(0, None), default=20, inclusive_bounds=(True, True), label=’Width’)

Width of the circle.

height = param.Integer(bounds=(0, None), default=20, inclusive_bounds=(True, True), label=’Height’)

height of the circle.

value = param.Boolean(bounds=(0, 1), default=False, label=’Value’)

Whether the indicator is active or not.

color = param.ObjectSelector(default=’dark’, label=’Color’, objects=[‘primary’, ‘secondary’, ‘success’, ‘info’, ‘danger’, ‘warning’, ‘light’, ‘dark’])

The color of the circle, one of ‘primary’, ‘secondary’, ‘success’, ‘info’, ‘danger’, ‘warning’, ‘light’, ‘dark’

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Reactive object to those on the target Reactive object in JS code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

link – The GenericLink which can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

GenericLink

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] = None, threaded: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, open: bool = True, location: bool | 'Location' = True, **kwargs) threading.Thread | 'Server'#

Starts a Bokeh server and displays the Viewable in a new tab.

Parameters
  • title (str | None) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

  • address (str) – The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests.

  • websocket_origin (str or list(str) (optional)) – A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a server app in an external web site. If None, “localhost” is used.

  • threaded (boolean (optional, default=False)) – Whether to launch the Server on a separate thread, allowing interactive use.

  • verbose (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to print the address and port

  • open (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to open the server in a new browser tab

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

server – Returns the Bokeh server instance or the thread the server was launched on (if threaded=True)

Return type

bokeh.server.Server or threading.Thread

class panel.widgets.Button(**params)[source]#

Bases: _ClickButton

The Button widget allows triggering events when the button is clicked.

The Button provides a value parameter, which will toggle from False to True while the click event is being processed

It also provides an additional clicks parameter, that can be watched to subscribe to click events.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/widgets/Button.html#widgets-gallery-button

Example

>>> pn.widgets.Button(name='Click me', button_type='primary')

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, sizing_mode, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: width, height, margin, disabled

panel.widgets.button._ButtonBase: button_type

clicks = param.Integer(default=0, inclusive_bounds=(True, True), label=’Clicks’)

Number of clicks (can be listened to)

value = param.Event(bounds=(0, 1), default=False, label=’Value’)

Toggles from False to True while the event is being processed.

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

js_on_click(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, code: str = '') Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when the button is clicked.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • code (str) – The Javascript code to execute when the button is clicked.

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a Javascript (JS) callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Button to those on the target object in Javascript (JS) code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value(s) to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally. Default is False.

  • **links (dict[str,str]) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

The Link can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

Link

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

on_click(callback: Callable[[Event], None]) Watcher[source]#

Register a callback to be executed when the Button is clicked.

The callback is given an Event argument declaring the number of clicks

Parameters

callback ((Callable[[param.parameterized.Event], None])) – The function to run on click events. Must accept a positional Event argument

Returns

watcher – A Watcher that executes the callback when the button is clicked.

Return type

param.Parameterized.Watcher

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] = None, threaded: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, open: bool = True, location: bool | 'Location' = True, **kwargs) threading.Thread | 'Server'#

Starts a Bokeh server and displays the Viewable in a new tab.

Parameters
  • title (str | None) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

  • address (str) – The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests.

  • websocket_origin (str or list(str) (optional)) – A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a server app in an external web site. If None, “localhost” is used.

  • threaded (boolean (optional, default=False)) – Whether to launch the Server on a separate thread, allowing interactive use.

  • verbose (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to print the address and port

  • open (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to open the server in a new browser tab

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

server – Returns the Bokeh server instance or the thread the server was launched on (if threaded=True)

Return type

bokeh.server.Server or threading.Thread

class panel.widgets.CheckBoxGroup(**params)[source]#

Bases: _CheckGroupBase

The CheckBoxGroup widget allows selecting between a list of options by ticking the corresponding checkboxes.

It falls into the broad category of multi-option selection widgets that provide a compatible API and include the MultiSelect, CrossSelector and CheckButtonGroup widgets.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/widgets/CheckBoxGroup.html

Example

>>> CheckBoxGroup(
...     name='Fruits', value=['Apple', 'Pear'], options=['Apple', 'Banana', 'Pear', 'Strawberry'],
...     inline=True
... )

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, sizing_mode, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: width, height, margin, disabled

panel.widgets.select.SelectBase: options

panel.widgets.select._CheckGroupBase: value

inline = param.Boolean(bounds=(0, 1), default=False, label=’Inline’)

Whether the items be arrange vertically (False) or horizontally in-line (True).

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Reactive object to those on the target Reactive object in JS code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

link – The GenericLink which can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

GenericLink

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] = None, threaded: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, open: bool = True, location: bool | 'Location' = True, **kwargs) threading.Thread | 'Server'#

Starts a Bokeh server and displays the Viewable in a new tab.

Parameters
  • title (str | None) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

  • address (str) – The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests.

  • websocket_origin (str or list(str) (optional)) – A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a server app in an external web site. If None, “localhost” is used.

  • threaded (boolean (optional, default=False)) – Whether to launch the Server on a separate thread, allowing interactive use.

  • verbose (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to print the address and port

  • open (boolean (optional, default=True)) – Whether to open the server in a new browser tab

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

server – Returns the Bokeh server instance or the thread the server was launched on (if threaded=True)

Return type

bokeh.server.Server or threading.Thread

class panel.widgets.CheckButtonGroup(**params)[source]#

Bases: _CheckGroupBase, _ButtonBase

The CheckButtonGroup widget allows selecting between a list of options by toggling the corresponding buttons.

It falls into the broad category of multi-option selection widgets that provide a compatible API and include the MultiSelect, CrossSelector and CheckBoxGroup widgets.

Reference: https://panel.holoviz.org/reference/widgets/CheckButtonGroup.html

Example

>>> CheckButtonGroup(
...     name='Regression Models', value=['Lasso', 'Ridge'],
...     options=['Lasso', 'Linear', 'Ridge', 'Polynomial']
... )

Parameters inherited from:

panel.viewable.Layoutable: align, aspect_ratio, background, css_classes, min_width, min_height, max_width, max_height, width_policy, height_policy, sizing_mode, visible

panel.viewable.Viewable: loading

panel.widgets.base.Widget: width, height, margin, disabled

panel.widgets.button._ButtonBase: button_type

panel.widgets.select.SelectBase: options

panel.widgets.select._CheckGroupBase: value

orientation = param.Selector(default=’horizontal’, label=’Orientation’, objects=[‘horizontal’, ‘vertical’])

Button group orientation, either ‘horizontal’ (default) or ‘vertical’.

app(notebook_url: str = 'localhost:8888', port: int = 0) Server#

Displays a bokeh server app inline in the notebook.

Parameters
  • notebook_url (str) – URL to the notebook server

  • port (int (optional, default=0)) – Allows specifying a specific port

clone(**params) Viewable#

Makes a copy of the object sharing the same parameters.

Parameters

params (Keyword arguments override the parameters on the clone.) –

Return type

Cloned Viewable object

controls(parameters: List[str] = [], jslink: bool = True, **kwargs) Panel#

Creates a set of widgets which allow manipulating the parameters on this instance. By default all parameters which support linking are exposed, but an explicit list of parameters can be provided.

Parameters
  • parameters (list(str)) – An explicit list of parameters to return controls for.

  • jslink (bool) – Whether to use jslinks instead of Python based links. This does not allow using all types of parameters.

  • kwargs (dict) – Additional kwargs to pass to the Param pane(s) used to generate the controls widgets.

Return type

A layout of the controls

embed(max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = False, states={}) None#

Renders a static version of a panel in a notebook by evaluating the set of states defined by the widgets in the model. Note this will only work well for simple apps with a relatively small state space.

Parameters
  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for JSON filename

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=False)) – Whether to report progress

  • states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

classmethod from_param(parameter: Parameter, **params) Viewable#

Construct a widget from a Parameter and link the two bi-directionally.

Parameters
  • parameter (param.Parameter) – A parameter to create the widget from.

  • params (dict) – Keyword arguments to be passed to the widget constructor

Return type

Widget instance linked to the supplied parameter

get_root(doc: Optional[Document] = None, comm: Optional[Comm] = None, preprocess: bool = True) Model#

Returns the root model and applies pre-processing hooks

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document) – Bokeh document the bokeh model will be attached to.

  • comm (pyviz_comms.Comm) – Optional pyviz_comms when working in notebook

  • preprocess (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to run preprocessing hooks

Return type

Returns the bokeh model corresponding to this panel object

jscallback(args: Dict[str, Any] = {}, **callbacks: str) Callback#

Allows defining a JS callback to be triggered when a property changes on the source object. The keyword arguments define the properties that trigger a callback and the JS code that gets executed.

Parameters
  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • **callbacks (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the code to execute when that property changes

Returns

callback – The Callback which can be used to disable the callback.

Return type

Callback

Links properties on the this Reactive object to those on the target Reactive object in JS code.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target model properties as keywords or provide a dictionary of JS code snippets which maps from the source parameter to a JS code snippet which is executed when the property changes.

Parameters
  • target (panel.viewable.Viewable | bokeh.model.Model | holoviews.core.dimension.Dimensioned) – The target to link the value to.

  • code (dict) – Custom code which will be executed when the widget value changes.

  • args (dict) – A mapping of objects to make available to the JS callback

  • bidirectional (boolean) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – A mapping between properties on the source model and the target model property to link it to.

Returns

link – The GenericLink which can be used unlink the widget and the target model.

Return type

GenericLink

Links the parameters on this Reactive object to attributes on the target Parameterized object.

Supports two modes, either specify a mapping between the source and target object parameters as keywords or provide a dictionary of callbacks which maps from the source parameter to a callback which is triggered when the parameter changes.

Parameters
  • target (param.Parameterized) – The target object of the link.

  • callbacks (dict | None) – Maps from a parameter in the source object to a callback.

  • bidirectional (bool) – Whether to link source and target bi-directionally

  • **links (dict) – Maps between parameters on this object to the parameters on the supplied object.

pprint() None#

Prints a compositional repr of the class.

save(filename: str | os.PathLike | IO, title: Optional[str] = None, resources: Resources | None = None, template: str | Template | None = None, template_variables: Dict[str, Any] = {}, embed: bool = False, max_states: int = 1000, max_opts: int = 3, embed_json: bool = False, json_prefix: str = '', save_path: str = './', load_path: Optional[str] = None, progress: bool = True, embed_states: Dict[Any, Any] = {}, as_png: bool | None = None, **kwargs) None#

Saves Panel objects to file.

Parameters
  • filename (str or file-like object) – Filename to save the plot to

  • title (string) – Optional title for the plot

  • resources (bokeh resources) – One of the valid bokeh.resources (e.g. CDN or INLINE)

  • template – passed to underlying io.save

  • template_variables – passed to underlying io.save

  • embed (bool) – Whether the state space should be embedded in the saved file.

  • max_states (int) – The maximum number of states to embed

  • max_opts (int) – The maximum number of states for a single widget

  • embed_json (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to export the data to json files

  • json_prefix (str (default='')) – Prefix for the auto-generated json directory

  • save_path (str (default='./')) – The path to save json files to

  • load_path (str (default=None)) – The path or URL the json files will be loaded from.

  • progress (boolean (default=True)) – Whether to report progress

  • embed_states (dict (default={})) – A dictionary specifying the widget values to embed for each widget

  • as_png (boolean (default=None)) – To save as a .png. If None save_png will be true if filename is string and ends with png.

select(selector: Optional[type | Callable[['Viewable'], bool]] = None) List['Viewable']#

Iterates over the Viewable and any potential children in the applying the Selector.

Parameters

selector (type or callable or None) – The selector allows selecting a subset of Viewables by declaring a type or callable function to filter by.

Returns

viewables

Return type

list(Viewable)

servable(title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True, area: str = 'main', target: Optional[str] = None) _Self#

Serves the object or adds it to the configured pn.state.template if in a panel serve context, writes to the DOM if in a pyodide context and returns the Panel object to allow it to display itself in a notebook context.

Parameters
  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document (if served as an app)

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

  • area (str (deprecated)) – The area of a template to add the component too. Only has an effect if pn.config.template has been set.

  • target (str) – Target area to write to. If a template has been configured on pn.config.template this refers to the target area in the template while in pyodide this refers to the ID of the DOM node to write to.

Return type

The Panel object itself

server_doc(doc: Optional[Document] = None, title: Optional[str] = None, location: bool | 'Location' = True) Document#

Returns a serveable bokeh Document with the panel attached

Parameters
  • doc (bokeh.Document (optional)) – The bokeh Document to attach the panel to as a root, defaults to bokeh.io.curdoc()

  • title (str) – A string title to give the Document

  • location (boolean or panel.io.location.Location) – Whether to create a Location component to observe and set the URL location.

Returns

doc – The bokeh document the panel was attached to

Return type

bokeh.Document

show(title: Optional[str] = None, port: int = 0, address: Optional[str] = None, websocket_origin: Optional[str] =